Michelson, Hendrik Lorentz, Henri Poincaré and others.Max Planck, Hermann Minkowski and others did subsequent work.It introduced concepts including spacetime as a unified entity of space and time, relativity of simultaneity, kinematic and gravitational time dilation, and length contraction.In the field of physics, relativity improved the science of elementary particles and their fundamental interactions, along with ushering in the nuclear age.
That isn’t true for my three girlfriends, but it’s true for me.
Archaeological geology as a science had to precede the proposal of evolution, as an understanding of the immense age of the earth is necessary to understand evolution.
Cuvier established amongst the scientific community the fact of extinction.
Then, even if circumstances change such that it no longer provides any survival or reproductive advantage, the behavior will still tend to be exhibited -- unless it becomes positively disadvantageous in the new environment.
adaptive radiation: The diversification, over evolutionary time, of a species or group of species into several different species or subspecies that are typically adapted to different ecological niches (for example, Darwin's finches).